Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Organized Marriages inside the Indian and Chinese Cultures - Research Paper Example Organized marriage ought not be mistaken for constrained marriage in which one gathering is compelled to get hitched to another. Orchestrated relationships are the duties of more seasoned relatives, guardians, matchmaking operators or confided in parties. In certain societies, seeking isn't common. Companions are united by their folks. For this situation, it is the duty of the parent to make sure that their kid passes the conjugal rituals. Along these lines, the grown-up youngsters consider it to be a standard. The individuals who are liable for the game plan relationships may be abstract to passionate fixation and concoct strange choices. In either case, intra-generational connections supplant conjugal connections. Following the accomplices sharing a few elements, it is accepted that some type of comprehension creates between the couple and the relationship keeps going. Conversation Arranged relationships are polished in China and India with the sole point of keeping up the social p osition. Families unite the kids with the goal that they may keep the family ties solid. In India, masterminded relationships, however disheartened, are generally rehearsed. The guardians consider it to be their moral obligation to guarantee that their youngsters pass their conjugal customs. The legitimate age for relationships in India is 18 for females and 21 for guys. Notwithstanding, through organized relationships, relatives wed their young ladies as ahead of schedule as 15 yet the relationships culminated after the ages of 18 (Seymour and Seymour 132). In China, orchestrated relationships are polished at a low rate in light of the fact that the pace of innovation in the nation doesn't take into account preservation of some social practices. Females should wed at 21 years old and 23 for guys. This implies the guardians can just look for admirers for the youngsters at the correct age. Notwithstanding, in China, individuals are given the option to pick their accomplices and it is simply after they have settled on their decisions that the guardians can mediate in wedding arrangements (Fox 191). Likenesses Arranged relationships are normal in the Chinese and Indian societies. These two societies share various variables they put into thought when concocting the best match. Among the main considerations is that of religion. In the two societies, it is accepted that the inclination ought to be given to the individuals sharing same profound and strict convictions. Culture and standing is likewise another most regular calculate thought about the two societies. When singling out the matches, food propensities, language, and area are thought of with the goal that the couple has a similar culture (Fox 182). The notoriety of each gathering along with that of the loved ones that legitimately influence the notoriety of the gathering is thought of. One can have a decent notoriety yet neglect to be chosen due to the terrible notoriety of their companions or relatives. End owment is a critical factor for the two societies, therefore, a match would be chosen from individuals having a similar social class. A woman from a well off family foundation would have a match chosen from a man of honor with a comparable family foundation (Reaves 4). Employment is another calculate thought about the two societies. In any case, the area of the man matters more than that of the lady. The man needs to accommodate the family and subsequently, he ought to be with a generous measure of income.Ã¢
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Worldwide Commercial Aircraft Aftermarket Parts Market Essay Business Aircraft Aftermarket Parts advertise for the period 2014-2018. It presents a worldwide diagram just as the pieces of the overall industry and development prospects by locale (the Americas, the MEME, and OPAC districts). A market section examination dependent on application (MR. parts and ratable piece substitution) and item (airplane types) has likewise been incorporated. The report additionally presents the market scene and a comparing investigation of the noticeable sellers in the market. Moreover, the report talks about the significant drivers affecting the development of the racket. It likewise traces the difficulties looked by the sellers and the market everywhere, just as the key patterns rising in the market. View our full TCO here Key Regions MEME OPAC Americas Key Vendors Eaton Corp.. General Electric co. (GE) Honeywell International Inc. Rockwell Collins Inc. Other Prominent Vendors JAW Aviation Vials BE Aerospace BE Goodrich Aerospace Pratt Whitney Key Market Driver Growing Availability Of E-stages For a full, point by point list, see our report. Key Market Challenge Customs Delays Key Market Trend Airplane Renewal For a full, point by point list, see our report, Key Questions Answered in this Report What will the market size be in 2018 and what will the development rate be? What are the key market patterns? What is driving this market? What are the difficulties to showcase development? Who are the key sellers in this market space? What are the market openings and dangers looked by the key sellers? What are the qualities and shortcomings Of the key merchants? For additional bits of knowledge, see our Global Commercial Aircraft Aftermarket Parts Market 2014-2018 report.
Friday, August 21, 2020
Stanley Milgram Biography His Influence on Psychology History and Biographies Print Stanley Milgram Psychologist Biography By Kendra Cherry facebook twitter Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Kendra Cherry Updated on October 22, 2019 Isabelle Adam/Flickr/CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 More in Psychology History and Biographies Psychotherapy Basics Student Resources Theories Phobias Emotions Sleep and Dreaming Stanley Milgram was a social psychologist best-remembered for his now infamous obedience experiments.?? His research demonstrated how far people are willing to go to obey authority. His experiments are also remembered for their ethical issues, which contributed to changes in how experiments can be performed today. Learn more about his life, legacy, and influence on psychology in this brief biography. Best Known For The Milgram Obedience Experiment??Familiar Stranger??The Small World Experiment?? Early Life Stanley Milgram was born on August 15, 1933, to a family of Jewish immigrants in New York City. Milgram attended James Monroe High School, where he quickly earned a reputation as a hard worker and a strong leader and completed high school in just three years. One of his classmates was future social psychologist Philip Zimbardo. He earned his Bachelors in Political Science from Queens College in 1954. At this point, his interests shifted to psychology, but he was initially rejected from Harvard Universitys graduate program in Social Relations since he had never taken a single psychology course during his undergraduate years. He was eventually able to gain admission and went on to earn his Ph.D. in Social Psychology in 1960 under the direction of psychologist Gordon Allport.?? Career and Famous Obedience Experiments During his graduate studies, Milgram had spent a year working as a research assistant to Solomon Asch who was interested in conformity in social groups.?? Aschs famous conformity experiment involved having participants judge the length of a line. Milgram was inspired by the study and went on to perform a similar experiment that would make him famous. He began working at Yale in 1960 and started conducting his obedience experiments in 1961. In these experiments, participants were ordered by an authority figure to deliver increasingly strong electrical shocks to another person. In reality, the other person was a confederate in the experiment and was simply pretending to be shocked.?? Surprisingly, 65 percent of the participants were willing to deliver the maximum voltage shocks under orders from the experimenter.?? In 1963, Milgram returned to teach at Harvard for a few years but was not offered tenure largely due to the controversy swirling around him thanks to his infamous obedience experiments. City University of New York (CUNY) asked him to head up their newly formed social psychology program and in 1974 he published his book Obedience to Authority.?? Milgram remained at CUNY until his death on December 20, 1984, from a heart attack. Contributions to Psychology The 19 different experiments that Milgram conducted on obedience demonstrated that people were willing to obey an authority figure even if the actions went against their morals. The experiments are well-known today, mentioned in virtually every introductory psychology textbook. While Milgram himself was known for his concern for the well-being of his participants, his work was often harshly criticized for the possible negative emotional impact it had on subjects.?? Part of the reason why the American Psychological Association established standards for working with human subjects and why Institutional Review Boards exist today is because of Milgrams work. In his 2004 biography, author Thomas Blass noted that social psychology is often dismissed as something that simply proves so-called common sense.?? Through his surprising results, Milgram was able to demonstrate that the things we think we know about ourselves and our behavior in social groups may not necessarily be true. In essence, Milgram was able to shine a light on a subtopic of psychology that some may view as unimportant, but that in reality reveals important truths about human behavior. A substantial proportion of people do what they are told to do, irrespective of the content of the act, and without pangs of conscience, so long as they perceive that the command comes from a legitimate authority, Milgram explained of his work.?? A Word From Verywell Milgrams research on obedience shocked people back during the 1960s, but his findings are just as relevant and stunning to this day. While recent findings have suggested that there may have been problems with his experimental procedures, replications of his work have found that people are surprisingly willing to obey authority figures - even when they know the orders they are following are wrong.
Sunday, May 24, 2020
Disneys Medievalesque Sleeping Beauty It was not once upon a time, but in a certain time in history, before anyone knew what was happening, Walt Disney cast a spell on the fairy tale. He did not use a magic wand or demonic powers. On the contrary, Disney employed the most up-to-date technological means and used his own American grit and ingenuity to appropriate European fairy tales. His technical skills and ideological proclivities were so consummate that his signature obfuscated the names of Charles Perrault, the Brothers Grimm, Hans Christian Andersen, and Collodi. If children or adults think of the great classical fairy tales today, be it Snow White, Sleeping Beauty, or Cinderella, they will think Walt Disney. --Jack Zipes,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦(Zipes 141). While well-versed in Disneys ability to produce socio-cultural stagnancy, work such as that done by Zipes, Byrne and McQuillan do not address the specific ways in which Disney perpetuates particular socio-economic myths with its fairy tale appropriations. While work is currently being done on how Disneys theme parks play upon socio-economic conservatism, and the 1970s saw a key text in Ariel Dorfman and Armand Mattelarts How to Read Donald Duck: Imperialist Ideology in the Disney Comic, Disneys animated fairy tales, especially the earlier ones, have long been neglected and are all due for a serious reading in terms of the socio-economic messages they implicitly convey to their audience. In a paper of this size I neither wish to criticize scholars for neglecting this area, nor do I hope to remedy this problem in one blow. Instead this paper will examine the particular ways in which Disney uses the medium of animation in order to incorporate the medieval into his adaptation of Sleeping Beauty, as well as the very pointed anachronistic exceptions it makes to this medievalesque trend. I will then analyze how these particular implementations of the medieval, as well as the exceptions, serve to create a fantastic feeling of nostalgia for a
Thursday, May 14, 2020
In the Late 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s, the father of sociology, W.E.B. Dubois conducted a study in Philadelphia that developed possible explanations for criminal activity among African Americans. Throughout his study, he observed that if men are moved from different environments, they began to lose harmony with the environment that results in crime (Shaun L. Gabbidon,2015). Dubois used variables such as age, unemployment, and poverty to explain crime (1899). Furthermore, Dubois study became a template to be used in studies that come to follow. During the 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s, cities such as Chicago began to experience some of the same challenges that were previously studied in Philadelphia (Gabbidon,2015). As a result, of the similar experience between the twoÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦(2) After individual and family factors are accounted for, do ethnicity and/or residence in underclass neighborhoods add to the explanation of delinquency? In order to answer the questions that were posed, a set of measures were used. In their study Peeples and Loeber considered factors such as Age, percentage poor/welfare, Percentage single parent, hyperactivity, and supervision as independent variables. On the other hand, they considered factors such as family poverty, welfare use, families with no one employed, male joblessness, and assisted housing. A cross sectional assessment of 506 Pittsburgh public school boys were used to determine how the listed factors can possibly lead to juvenile delinquency. They also did a follow up six months after the initial assessment. In the sample of schools boys, 290 were African American youths. Peeples and Loeber found that 40% of African American youths lived in poor neighborhoods, compared to 5% of white youths that lived in the same neighborhood. Also, twice as many African American boys had engaged in some forms of delinquency in their life than White boys. Additionally, African Americans and did not differ in terms of the seriousness of delinquent acts or frequency of serious acts. However, African Americans had a higher total frequency of delinquent acts than Whites. TheShow MoreRelatedThe Development Of A Juvenile Criminal Justice System1740 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn many countries, among them the United States of America, crime rates among the youth under the age of 18 years have significantly increased. This phenomenon is attributed to various factors, among them being family disintegration, school dropouts and other antisocial behaviors. Therefore, the development of a juvenile criminal justice system was crucial as it is tailored to distinguish the judicial process related to juvenile crimes. Various facilities such as specialized detention centers andRead MoreThe General Strain Theory And Juvenile Delinquency1715 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesrelating to different elements leading to specific criminal behaviors. The theory has been of importance in trying to map criminal patterns among individuals involved in crimina l behavior, thereby creating a platform for their rehabilitation. The general strain theory has had a close connection to juvenile delinquency, as it creates a platform where psychologists can define some of the key factors prompting teenagers and youths to engage in criminal behaviors. According to Zhang (2008), teenagers andRead MoreThe Criminal Justice System Has Served As A Focal Point Of Much Of Societal Racism993 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesStatistics (BJS)). These studies propose that while criminal behavior cuts across race and class lines, the common response to these behaviors may significantly influence the course of a potential criminal career. Decisions concerning the most effective balance of responses by law enforcement, social services, and community intervention are critical in determining many of these outcomes. Bias within the criminal justice Historically, the criminal justice system has served as a focal point of muchRead MoreDisparities in Prison Populations Essay910 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe United States has experienced a rise in its prison population over the last 40 years and our incarceration rate is nearly 5 times higher than any other country. Even though 13% of the US population are African American males, they make up 38% of the prison population. Contributing factors to these numbers are mandatory minimum sentences, high crime and poverty areas, and lack of rehabilitative resources within our system (p.77-78). In the 1980s, the United States started a campaign to reduceRead MoreRacial Discrimination Is A Social Injustice Essay1647 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesin the criminal justice system triggers a range of societal issues that influence African Americans, particularly males. African Americans have been affected in this area in two significant regards. 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There needs to be a balance among attributing behavior to specific causes, but strong causal designs of intervention programs can risk unsuccessful or uncertain program outcomesRead MoreThe Effect Of Legal Factors On Police Behavior1425 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesduring police-citizens encounters are based on legal factors. However, smaller studies continue to suggest that additional factors may play a role in police decision making during police-citizen encounters. The results of this study confirm prior studies which suggested citizen demeanor [disrespect] toward police greatly increases the probability of arrest. According to Regoeczi and Kent (2014), research Ã¢â¬Å"examines the influence of extra-legal factorsÃ¢â¬ (p. 191); regarding police decisions and discretionRead MoreAfrican American Juvenile Delinquency : America Essay2365 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesAfrican American Juvenile Delinquency in America Several studies have provided data that often indicate crime rates are higher for certain ethnic groups of people in the United States. Much of this research on delinquent behavior tends to show that African Americans account for a greater proportion of the juvenile delinquents in America. With African American juveniles accounting for more than 57% of arrests for manslaughter and more than 67% of arrests for robbery, this growing national problemRead MoreStructure of the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Corrections1604 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespartners and offenders. All of these changes are to support and further the DRCÃ¢â¬â¢s mission of Ã¢â¬Å"reducing recidivism among those we touchÃ¢â¬ (Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction). Common among most state ran prison systems within the United States; the Ohio DRC maintains several functions. Author Dean John Champion has identified these functions in his book, Administration of Criminal Justice: Structure, Function, and Process, as Ã¢â¬Å"providing societal protection, punishing offenders, rehabilitatingRead MoreRacial Inequality And Racial Discrimination1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespatterns, and the formation of a wealth gap. All of these factors ultimately negatively impact the accomplishments and success of the minority groups in our society today. After the European immigration, a new term was created called symbolic ethnicity. This term refers to a individualistic culture in nature based solely off of personal interests without the negative social consequences. This ethnic approach is strongly practiced by White Americans and gave them an out to feel a sense of Ã¢â¬Å"uniquenessÃ¢â¬
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Death of The Invisible Man Essay Topics The Debate Over the Invisible Man Essay Topics This symbolizes a degree of racism that was prevalent throughout that time. While idealism might be required to instigate any sort of social change, Invisible Manasserts that, unless adopted with a level of critical distance, it might also be accountable for the kinds of prejudice it seeks to alleviate. The folks are so concerned with their existing issues and needs that they don't notice others. Due to their prejudices and racism. My intention is going to be for the benefit of the society, but not for my advantage. I would say the most significant bit of wisdom isn't to let hatred and emotions become the basis of that which we act on, but instead educated thoughts and suggestions to derive action. In our society, it isn't unusual for a Negro to experience a sensation he does not exist in the actual world whatsoever. Conflict surrounding justice is a problem that's experienced and overcome by many distinct groups of individuals. It was in the primary ballroom of the major hotel. The boys lunge for the cost, simply to discover an electric current runs throughout the rug. Mrs Hall finds a means to take advantage of him and find some information regarding her strange guest. A few of the others tried to stop them and she started to move around the ground in graceful circles, since they gave chase, slipping and sliding through the polished floor. He started his walk in the course of life for a sort, pure a nd sincere person with the notion that identity might only be acquired in terms of the specific group of individuals. Racial prejudice has become the most pernicious kind of blindness in Ellison's novel, but it's not the just one. I will make certain they feel how people residing in the villages live when they give empty promises that aren't fulfilled. Towns are too big, folks appear to be far more intelligent and the city would be a fantastic place to hide. The whole town is soon involved with the chase. Initially he comes to Iping just a little town in England where he would like to remain in order to do research. And he worked very difficult over a period of seven years to create a masterpiece. Though stunned, the narrator makes the decision to benefit from the chance to work for an important person in nyc. Moreover, he says that he experiences a certain amount of freedom in the north compared to the south. The Basic Facts of the Invisible Man Essay Topics The very first thing that you should do before starting to compose your essay is to discover the most interesting topic for your paper. They are made to test your knowledge of major themes and details from the book for a whole. By reading through our list, at this point you have a notion of what things to write about. A simple, informal fashion, even with me. The cost of an essay depends upon the total amount of effort the writer has to exert. Essays might be lightly modified for readability or to defend the anonymity of contributors, but we don't edit essay examples ahead of publication. It is suggested to look for the one which has a superior reputation and offers high-quality papers at economical rates. We've prepared extensive Invisible Man essay topics for those that are assigned to compose a literature essay. The Appeal of the Invisible Man Essay Topics The novel also contains taboo issues like incest and the controversial topic of communism. Within this regard, the matter of race was one of the most well-known themes in American literature of that moment. Documenting the American South supplies a broad selection of over 300 slave narratives. Figure out the overview of The Invisible Man inside this short article! I read Russian translations and so forth. History is a significant concept within this novel. The Bible is most likely the foremost article of literature that's most commonly alluded to. A group of critical essays on Invisible Man written by an assortment of scholars. The Upside to the Invisible Man Essay Topics Dr. Bledsoe and Brother Jack are just a couple of the villains that use and make the most of the narrator. The narrator tried to spell out the conditions, but Bledsoe didn't purchase the explanation. The author employs light for a sign of truth (Ellison 7). Write a character sketch of Dr. Bledsoe depending on the data in this chapter. Scriptural passages in the Bible remarked that slaves have to be obedient and that there's a path to freedom. Historical allusions are also quite important since they can't be argued. This book starts with a prologue where the narrator explains why he has gone underground.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Strength Based Nursing Care For Emma. Answer: Introduction (Overview of Emmas journey): The report focuses on a strength based nursing care (SBNC) plan for Emma Gee, a 24 year old girl who was vibrant young children with active lifestyle in childhood. However, her life changed all of a sudden when she started experiencing disturbing symptoms and was diagnosed with stroke. There were several transition points in her life associated with great challenges and sufferings at those point of life such as revelation about the diagnosis of stroke, going for the surgery and remaining coma, the life after regaining consciousness and struggling with activities of daily living after stroke (Gee 2016). This report mainly focuses on the transition point of nursing care following Emma regaining consciousness after coma and analyzes the usual care provided to her. Based on evaluating experience of Emma in that period, a SBNC plan is developed for Emma to promote her empowerment by following eight principles of SBNC. Overview of implementing strength based nursing care for Emma The strength based nursing care (SBNC) is an innovative approach to care that emphasizes on a new set of values to promote empowerment, self-efficacy and hope in patients. Unlike the medical model of care which is focused on treating the disease and not the person, the SBNC model is similar to patient centered care model where focus is on healing of patient (Gottlieb, Gottlieb and Shamian 2012, pp. 38-50). In case of patient-centered care, healing occurs within the relationship between staffs and the participant, and the SBN focus on creating an environment that enhances the patients capacity for health and innate mechanism of healing (Gottlieb 2014, pp.24-32). Unfortunately, all the above elements were missing in the usual care provided to Emma after coma. The use of SBNC care plan is important for Emma during the transition point of Emma regaining consciousness after coma because in the usual care provided to her, the specific needs of Emma and her strength was not considered for c are planning. For example, just after she regained consciousness, she wanted the medical team to talk to her, however they were in a conversation among themselves. The review of the usual care revealed no action to identify what treatment of care option is working well or it will work best for Emma. With the use of SBNC, the main plan is to work with strength of Emma to overcome her problems and deficits. The strategies followed to implement SBNC for managing her care after regaining consciousness will focus on the principle of holistic personalized care, empowerment of patient, family/person centered care, context based care, collaborative partnership and self-care (Gottlieb, Gottlieb and Shamian 2012, pp. 38-50). After regaining consciousness after coma, Emma relied mainly on medical staffs for her daily life activities like cleaning, washing, feeding and rolling. She always felt like poked and prodded and missed seeing the familiar faces like her family members in front of her. She failed to communicate with her family member after the black mask on her mouth. To implement SBNC for Emma, the immediate strategy is to engage in a therapeutic communication with Emma first to identify her strength and weakness and then develop care plan for her. The nursing behaviors like active listening, assessing patients understanding and preference of treatment option, validating their participation in decision making and communicating with empathy (both verbally and non verbally) is likely to enhance patient centered communication while caring for (Emma Elwyn et al. 2014, pp.270-275). While providing her support in daily life activities, all considerations will be made to respect her dignity and find out E mmas preferences in receiving support. In addition, including family members in care planning will be very crucial as they can give lot of information about strength and coping skills of Emma. Based on family strength assessment, their family member can also be involved in care so that Emma does not feel intimidated and develops the positive motivation to accept the treatment and this approach would accelerate her pathway towards recovery and healing (Smith, Swallow and Coyne 2015, pp.143-159). Family functioning and relationship in nursing practice As it is planned to engage family members in planning and addressing health care needs of Emma, it will be important for nurse to conduct family strength assessment to identify any family strength factor that can promote recovery of Emma and a positive experience in care. This exercise would help to gain knowledge about patients relationship, level of attachment with family members and any specific family strength that promotes recovery of patient (Svavarsdottir, Sigurdardottir and Tryggvadottir 2014, pp. 13-50). The narration by Gee (2016) showed that Emma was closely attached to her mother, Lyn and after regaining consciousness, Emma always wanted to see her family members in front of her, however she was always surrounded by hospitals staffs. Therefore, understanding family strength is important so that her mother could also be involved in care. Hence, interview with her mother can give information related to support, togetherness, communication, shared activities, acceptance and resilience in Emmas family and this information can be used to enhance both physical as well as spiritual well being of Emma (Gottlieb et al. 2012, pp. 38-50). Another important consideration for nurse to promote healing and recovery of Emma according to SBNC plan is to develop a therapeutic and caring relationship with the patient. This is importance to promote inclusiveness in nursing practice and make patient accept and trust the treatment provided to them (Tobiano et al. 2015, pp. 1107-1120 . The narration by Emma after gaining consciousness mainly revealed she felt poked and prodded and no care being taken while shifting her from one bed to another during any medical activities. Hence, this means in the usual care provided to Emma, no communication or feedback was taken from Emma to understand her concern. This issue will be addressed by engaging in therapeutic communication with Emma and always interacting with her at all point of care to take feedback for any care implemented or find out any issue faced by Emma while going forward with any treatment. This will facilitate collaborative nursing practice and nurse can develop the resili ence skill of Emma to cope with any difficulties at any point of care. Offering assistance to Emma during her stages of anxiety and clarifying the importance of certain treatment for her recovery may also address feelings of disgust experience by Emma (Feo et al. 2017, pp.54-63). This will ensure that effective and caring nurse patient relationship is developed with Emma. Strength based nursing care for one critical transition point in Emmas journey Goal of SBNC care plan for Emma after regain consciousness- To provide SBN approach to support her in activities of daily living such washing, dressing and feeding. To involve Emmas mother in basic activities like dressing and feeding to develop resilient and spiritual well-being in patient. To be vigilant to respect patients dignity and respect while implementing care To take regular feedback from Emma to understand what will work best for her and reduce her sufferings during the treatment. SBNC plan for support in activities of daily living: Collect subjective data (S)- The first plan is to collect subjective data of level of difficulty in activities of daily living after coma. Emma was having trouble in speaking and communication with others due to dysphagia. Although she tried to say things, but no could understand her. She also lost the ability to normal movement and could not even wriggle her toes after regaining consciousness after coma. Other issues that severely affected her activities of daily living included double vision, inability to swallow foods due to dysphasia (nurse asked her to open her while feeding a fluid, but Emmas brain could not support her to complete the action), inability to use the communication board, comb her hair and dress herself. She was also found to experience great psychological stress and trauma during the process due to the absence of therapeutic communication and presence of family members in care (Gee 2016). Collect objective data (O)- The level of deficits in the area of mobility, speech and gait will be measured by use of appropriate tools. This would help to understand the level of support or assistive device Emma might require during ADLs. Assessment (A)- Bases on the collective and objective data obtained, the nurse can assess the difficulties faced by Emma in nursing care and support for ADLs. Treatment plan (P)- SBNC for ADLs will be provided by being respectful towards Emma and preserving her dignity during feeding, dressing and washing activities. As she faced difficulty in speaking, it will be necessary to communicate with Emma to understand whether she can express her thoughts and feeling through non-verbal signs. Teaching her non-verbal communication skill is also likely to address her struggle during speaking with others (Lutz and Green 2016, pp.e263-e265). As Emmas family remained with her for a very short time in the usual care provided, it is planned to at least allow her mother, Lyn to meet and support Emma at least during feeding so that she gains some warmth and familiarity in the hospital environment. This would also address her feelings of social isolation and lack of support from family members during difficult times (Address psychological stress and anxiety in patient) (Carman et al. 2013, pp.223-231). Reflection on Emmas experience in actual health care received and SBNC The usual care provided to Emma after gaining consciousness mainly revealed that there was a focus on just completing specific medical task assigned for patient, however no care was taken to preserve the dignity of patient. Therapeutic means of communication was always missing as hospital staffs talked among themselves and paid no attention to the issues that Emma faced while speaking or feeding or shifting her to another room. Use of such approach to care de-motivate patients and diminish their will power and hope for recovery. Patients also distrust such system and develop feelings of aggression and psychological stress in the procedure. On the other hand, the SBNC plan is mainly focused on effective communication with patient throughout the stage of treatment. This ensures that patients preference and issues can be identified and the most optimal environment is provided to patient to enhance their resilience skills and feelings towards healings (Spence Laschinger et al. 2010, pp.4 -13). By the use of SBNC, it is expected that Emma may develop a sense of familiarity and inclusiveness in care and respond well to the treatment provided. The inclusion of her family member is also likely to reduce her psychological distress. Conclusion on role of SBN for patient and family empowerment The main conclusion from developing the SBNC care plan for Emma is that SBN is a unique approach to care and must be actively implemented in nursing practice to promote patient/family empowerment and engagement in decision making. The SBN approach of focusing on patient and family strength creates an environment for their empowerment and developing positive attitude towards the care process. Use of such approach is likely to reduce the burden of nurses in their practice as it reduces conflicts, errors and any dissatisfaction with the care provided and accelerates recovery and healing of patient. References Carman, K.L., Dardess, P., Maurer, M., Sofaer, S., Adams, K., Bechtel, C. and Sweeney, J., 2013. Patient and family engagement: a framework for understanding the elements and developing interventions and policies.Health Affairs,32(2), pp.223-231. Elwyn, G., Dehlendorf, C., Epstein, R.M., Marrin, K., White, J. and Frosch, D.L., 2014, Shared decision making and motivational interviewing: achieving patient-centered care across the spectrum of health care problems, The Annals of Family Medicine,12(3), pp.270-275. Feo, R., Rasmussen, P., Wiechula, R., Conroy, T. and Kitson, A., 2017, Developing effective and caring nurse-patient relationships Nursing Standard,31(28), pp.54-63. Gee, E. 2016, Reinventing Emma, Retrieved 23 October 2017, from https://file:///C:/Users/User00/Downloads/1801246_440436544_emma%20(1).pdf Gottlieb, L. N., Gottlieb, B., and Shamian, J. 2012, Principles of strengths-based nursing leadership for strengths-based nursing care: A new paradigm for nursing and healthcare for the 21st century, Nursing Leadership,25(2), 38-50. Gottlieb, L.N., 2014, CE: Strengths-Based Nursing, AJN The American Journal of Nursing,114(8), pp.24-32. Lutz, B.J. and Green, T., 2016, Nursings role in addressing palliative care needs of stroke patients,Stroke,47(12), pp.e263-e265. Smith, J., Swallow, V. and Coyne, I., 2015, Involving parents in managing their child's long-term conditiona concept synthesis of family-centered care and partnership-in-care, Journal of pediatric nursing,30(1), pp.143-159. Smith, LMand Ford, K. 2013, Family strengths and the Australian Family Strengths Nursing Assessment Guide.In: Child, Youth and Family Health: Strengthening Communities, Elsevier, Australia, pp. 98-105. ISBN 9780729541558 Spence Laschinger, H.K., Gilbert, S., Smith, L.M. and Leslie, K., 2010, Towards a comprehensive theory of nurse/patient empowerment: applying Kanters empowerment theory to patient care Journal of Nursing Management,18(1), pp.4-13. Svavarsdottir, E.K., Sigurdardottir, A.O. and Tryggvadottir, G.B., 2014, Strengths-oriented therapeutic conversations for families of children with chronic illnesses: Findings from the Landspitali University Hospital Family Nursing Implementation Project, Journal of family nursing,20(1), pp.13-50. Tobiano, G., Marshall, A., Bucknall, T. and Chaboyer, W., 2015, Patient participation in nursing care on medical wards: an integrative review,International journal of nursing studies,52(6), pp.1107-1120.