Sunday, May 24, 2020

Essay on Disneys Medievalesque Sleeping Beauty - 4008 Words

Disneys Medievalesque Sleeping Beauty It was not once upon a time, but in a certain time in history, before anyone knew what was happening, Walt Disney cast a spell on the fairy tale. He did not use a magic wand or demonic powers. On the contrary, Disney employed the most up-to-date technological means and used his own American grit and ingenuity to appropriate European fairy tales. His technical skills and ideological proclivities were so consummate that his signature obfuscated the names of Charles Perrault, the Brothers Grimm, Hans Christian Andersen, and Collodi. If children or adults think of the great classical fairy tales today, be it Snow White, Sleeping Beauty, or Cinderella, they will think Walt Disney. --Jack Zipes,†¦show more content†¦(Zipes 141). While well-versed in Disneys ability to produce socio-cultural stagnancy, work such as that done by Zipes, Byrne and McQuillan do not address the specific ways in which Disney perpetuates particular socio-economic myths with its fairy tale appropriations. While work is currently being done on how Disneys theme parks play upon socio-economic conservatism, and the 1970s saw a key text in Ariel Dorfman and Armand Mattelarts How to Read Donald Duck: Imperialist Ideology in the Disney Comic, Disneys animated fairy tales, especially the earlier ones, have long been neglected and are all due for a serious reading in terms of the socio-economic messages they implicitly convey to their audience. In a paper of this size I neither wish to criticize scholars for neglecting this area, nor do I hope to remedy this problem in one blow. Instead this paper will examine the particular ways in which Disney uses the medium of animation in order to incorporate the medieval into his adaptation of Sleeping Beauty, as well as the very pointed anachronistic exceptions it makes to this medievalesque trend. I will then analyze how these particular implementations of the medieval, as well as the exceptions, serve to create a fantastic feeling of nostalgia for a

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Factors Contributing For Criminal Activity Among African...

In the Late 1980’s, the father of sociology, W.E.B. Dubois conducted a study in Philadelphia that developed possible explanations for criminal activity among African Americans. Throughout his study, he observed that if men are moved from different environments, they began to lose harmony with the environment that results in crime (Shaun L. Gabbidon,2015). Dubois used variables such as age, unemployment, and poverty to explain crime (1899). Furthermore, Dubois study became a template to be used in studies that come to follow. During the 1900’s, cities such as Chicago began to experience some of the same challenges that were previously studied in Philadelphia (Gabbidon,2015). As a result, of the similar experience between the two†¦show more content†¦(2) After individual and family factors are accounted for, do ethnicity and/or residence in underclass neighborhoods add to the explanation of delinquency? In order to answer the questions that were posed, a set of measures were used. In their study Peeples and Loeber considered factors such as Age, percentage poor/welfare, Percentage single parent, hyperactivity, and supervision as independent variables. On the other hand, they considered factors such as family poverty, welfare use, families with no one employed, male joblessness, and assisted housing. A cross sectional assessment of 506 Pittsburgh public school boys were used to determine how the listed factors can possibly lead to juvenile delinquency. They also did a follow up six months after the initial assessment. In the sample of schools boys, 290 were African American youths. Peeples and Loeber found that 40% of African American youths lived in poor neighborhoods, compared to 5% of white youths that lived in the same neighborhood. Also, twice as many African American boys had engaged in some forms of delinquency in their life than White boys. Additionally, African Americans and did not differ in terms of the seriousness of delinquent acts or frequency of serious acts. However, African Americans had a higher total frequency of delinquent acts than Whites. TheShow MoreRelatedThe Development Of A Juvenile Criminal Justice System1740 Words   |  7 PagesIn many countries, among them the United States of America, crime rates among the youth under the age of 18 years have significantly increased. This phenomenon is attributed to various factors, among them being family disintegration, school dropouts and other antisocial behaviors. Therefore, the development of a juvenile criminal justice system was crucial as it is tailored to distinguish the judicial process related to juvenile crimes. Various facilities such as specialized detention centers andRead MoreThe General Strain Theory And Juvenile Delinquency1715 Words   |  7 Pagesrelating to different elements leading to specific criminal behaviors. The theory has been of importance in trying to map criminal patterns among individuals involved in crimina l behavior, thereby creating a platform for their rehabilitation. The general strain theory has had a close connection to juvenile delinquency, as it creates a platform where psychologists can define some of the key factors prompting teenagers and youths to engage in criminal behaviors. According to Zhang (2008), teenagers andRead MoreThe Criminal Justice System Has Served As A Focal Point Of Much Of Societal Racism993 Words   |  4 PagesStatistics (BJS)). These studies propose that while criminal behavior cuts across race and class lines, the common response to these behaviors may significantly influence the course of a potential criminal career. Decisions concerning the most effective balance of responses by law enforcement, social services, and community intervention are critical in determining many of these outcomes. Bias within the criminal justice Historically, the criminal justice system has served as a focal point of muchRead MoreDisparities in Prison Populations Essay910 Words   |  4 PagesThe United States has experienced a rise in its prison population over the last 40 years and our incarceration rate is nearly 5 times higher than any other country. Even though 13% of the US population are African American males, they make up 38% of the prison population. Contributing factors to these numbers are mandatory minimum sentences, high crime and poverty areas, and lack of rehabilitative resources within our system (p.77-78). In the 1980s, the United States started a campaign to reduceRead MoreRacial Discrimination Is A Social Injustice Essay1647 Words   |  7 Pagesin the criminal justice system triggers a range of societal issues that influence African Americans, particularly males. African Americans have been affected in this area in two significant regards. 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There needs to be a balance among attributing behavior to specific causes, but strong causal designs of intervention programs can risk unsuccessful or uncertain program outcomesRead MoreThe Effect Of Legal Factors On Police Behavior1425 Words   |  6 Pagesduring police-citizens encounters are based on legal factors. However, smaller studies continue to suggest that additional factors may play a role in police decision making during police-citizen encounters. The results of this study confirm prior studies which suggested citizen demeanor [disrespect] toward police greatly increases the probability of arrest. According to Regoeczi and Kent (2014), research â€Å"examines the influence of extra-legal factors† (p. 191); regarding police decisions and discretionRead MoreAfrican American Juvenile Delinquency : America Essay2365 Words   |  10 PagesAfrican American Juvenile Delinquency in America Several studies have provided data that often indicate crime rates are higher for certain ethnic groups of people in the United States. Much of this research on delinquent behavior tends to show that African Americans account for a greater proportion of the juvenile delinquents in America. With African American juveniles accounting for more than 57% of arrests for manslaughter and more than 67% of arrests for robbery, this growing national problemRead MoreStructure of the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Corrections1604 Words   |  7 Pagespartners and offenders. All of these changes are to support and further the DRC’s mission of â€Å"reducing recidivism among those we touch† (Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction). Common among most state ran prison systems within the United States; the Ohio DRC maintains several functions. Author Dean John Champion has identified these functions in his book, Administration of Criminal Justice: Structure, Function, and Process, as â€Å"providing societal protection, punishing offenders, rehabilitatingRead MoreRacial Inequality And Racial Discrimination1721 Words   |  7 Pagespatterns, and the formation of a wealth gap. All of these factors ultimately negatively impact the accomplishments and success of the minority groups in our society today. After the European immigration, a new term was created called symbolic ethnicity. This term refers to a individualistic culture in nature based solely off of personal interests without the negative social consequences. This ethnic approach is strongly practiced by White Americans and gave them an out to feel a sense of â€Å"uniqueness†

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Death of The Invisible Man Essay Topics

The Death of The Invisible Man Essay Topics The Debate Over the Invisible Man Essay Topics This symbolizes a degree of racism that was prevalent throughout that time. While idealism might be required to instigate any sort of social change, Invisible Manasserts that, unless adopted with a level of critical distance, it might also be accountable for the kinds of prejudice it seeks to alleviate. The folks are so concerned with their existing issues and needs that they don't notice others. Due to their prejudices and racism. My intention is going to be for the benefit of the society, but not for my advantage. I would say the most significant bit of wisdom isn't to let hatred and emotions become the basis of that which we act on, but instead educated thoughts and suggestions to derive action. In our society, it isn't unusual for a Negro to experience a sensation he does not exist in the actual world whatsoever. Conflict surrounding justice is a problem that's experienced and overcome by many distinct groups of individuals. It was in the primary ballroom of the major hotel. The boys lunge for the cost, simply to discover an electric current runs throughout the rug. Mrs Hall finds a means to take advantage of him and find some information regarding her strange guest. A few of the others tried to stop them and she started to move around the ground in graceful circles, since they gave chase, slipping and sliding through the polished floor. He started his walk in the course of life for a sort, pure a nd sincere person with the notion that identity might only be acquired in terms of the specific group of individuals. Racial prejudice has become the most pernicious kind of blindness in Ellison's novel, but it's not the just one. I will make certain they feel how people residing in the villages live when they give empty promises that aren't fulfilled. Towns are too big, folks appear to be far more intelligent and the city would be a fantastic place to hide. The whole town is soon involved with the chase. Initially he comes to Iping just a little town in England where he would like to remain in order to do research. And he worked very difficult over a period of seven years to create a masterpiece. Though stunned, the narrator makes the decision to benefit from the chance to work for an important person in nyc. Moreover, he says that he experiences a certain amount of freedom in the north compared to the south. The Basic Facts of the Invisible Man Essay Topics The very first thing that you should do before starting to compose your essay is to discover the most interesting topic for your paper. They are made to test your knowledge of major themes and details from the book for a whole. By reading through our list, at this point you have a notion of what things to write about. A simple, informal fashion, even with me. The cost of an essay depends upon the total amount of effort the writer has to exert. Essays might be lightly modified for readability or to defend the anonymity of contributors, but we don't edit essay examples ahead of publication. It is suggested to look for the one which has a superior reputation and offers high-quality papers at economical rates. We've prepared extensive Invisible Man essay topics for those that are assigned to compose a literature essay. The Appeal of the Invisible Man Essay Topics The novel also contains taboo issues like incest and the controversial topic of communism. Within this regard, the matter of race was one of the most well-known themes in American literature of that moment. Documenting the American South supplies a broad selection of over 300 slave narratives. Figure out the overview of The Invisible Man inside this short article! I read Russian translations and so forth. History is a significant concept within this novel. The Bible is most likely the foremost article of literature that's most commonly alluded to. A group of critical essays on Invisible Man written by an assortment of scholars. The Upside to the Invisible Man Essay Topics Dr. Bledsoe and Brother Jack are just a couple of the villains that use and make the most of the narrator. The narrator tried to spell out the conditions, but Bledsoe didn't purchase the explanation. The author employs light for a sign of truth (Ellison 7). Write a character sketch of Dr. Bledsoe depending on the data in this chapter. Scriptural passages in the Bible remarked that slaves have to be obedient and that there's a path to freedom. Historical allusions are also quite important since they can't be argued. This book starts with a prologue where the narrator explains why he has gone underground.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Strength Based Nursing Care For Emma †

Question: Discuss about the Strength Based Nursing Care For Emma. Answer: Introduction (Overview of Emmas journey): The report focuses on a strength based nursing care (SBNC) plan for Emma Gee, a 24 year old girl who was vibrant young children with active lifestyle in childhood. However, her life changed all of a sudden when she started experiencing disturbing symptoms and was diagnosed with stroke. There were several transition points in her life associated with great challenges and sufferings at those point of life such as revelation about the diagnosis of stroke, going for the surgery and remaining coma, the life after regaining consciousness and struggling with activities of daily living after stroke (Gee 2016). This report mainly focuses on the transition point of nursing care following Emma regaining consciousness after coma and analyzes the usual care provided to her. Based on evaluating experience of Emma in that period, a SBNC plan is developed for Emma to promote her empowerment by following eight principles of SBNC. Overview of implementing strength based nursing care for Emma The strength based nursing care (SBNC) is an innovative approach to care that emphasizes on a new set of values to promote empowerment, self-efficacy and hope in patients. Unlike the medical model of care which is focused on treating the disease and not the person, the SBNC model is similar to patient centered care model where focus is on healing of patient (Gottlieb, Gottlieb and Shamian 2012, pp. 38-50). In case of patient-centered care, healing occurs within the relationship between staffs and the participant, and the SBN focus on creating an environment that enhances the patients capacity for health and innate mechanism of healing (Gottlieb 2014, pp.24-32). Unfortunately, all the above elements were missing in the usual care provided to Emma after coma. The use of SBNC care plan is important for Emma during the transition point of Emma regaining consciousness after coma because in the usual care provided to her, the specific needs of Emma and her strength was not considered for c are planning. For example, just after she regained consciousness, she wanted the medical team to talk to her, however they were in a conversation among themselves. The review of the usual care revealed no action to identify what treatment of care option is working well or it will work best for Emma. With the use of SBNC, the main plan is to work with strength of Emma to overcome her problems and deficits. The strategies followed to implement SBNC for managing her care after regaining consciousness will focus on the principle of holistic personalized care, empowerment of patient, family/person centered care, context based care, collaborative partnership and self-care (Gottlieb, Gottlieb and Shamian 2012, pp. 38-50). After regaining consciousness after coma, Emma relied mainly on medical staffs for her daily life activities like cleaning, washing, feeding and rolling. She always felt like poked and prodded and missed seeing the familiar faces like her family members in front of her. She failed to communicate with her family member after the black mask on her mouth. To implement SBNC for Emma, the immediate strategy is to engage in a therapeutic communication with Emma first to identify her strength and weakness and then develop care plan for her. The nursing behaviors like active listening, assessing patients understanding and preference of treatment option, validating their participation in decision making and communicating with empathy (both verbally and non verbally) is likely to enhance patient centered communication while caring for (Emma Elwyn et al. 2014, pp.270-275). While providing her support in daily life activities, all considerations will be made to respect her dignity and find out E mmas preferences in receiving support. In addition, including family members in care planning will be very crucial as they can give lot of information about strength and coping skills of Emma. Based on family strength assessment, their family member can also be involved in care so that Emma does not feel intimidated and develops the positive motivation to accept the treatment and this approach would accelerate her pathway towards recovery and healing (Smith, Swallow and Coyne 2015, pp.143-159). Family functioning and relationship in nursing practice As it is planned to engage family members in planning and addressing health care needs of Emma, it will be important for nurse to conduct family strength assessment to identify any family strength factor that can promote recovery of Emma and a positive experience in care. This exercise would help to gain knowledge about patients relationship, level of attachment with family members and any specific family strength that promotes recovery of patient (Svavarsdottir, Sigurdardottir and Tryggvadottir 2014, pp. 13-50). The narration by Gee (2016) showed that Emma was closely attached to her mother, Lyn and after regaining consciousness, Emma always wanted to see her family members in front of her, however she was always surrounded by hospitals staffs. Therefore, understanding family strength is important so that her mother could also be involved in care. Hence, interview with her mother can give information related to support, togetherness, communication, shared activities, acceptance and resilience in Emmas family and this information can be used to enhance both physical as well as spiritual well being of Emma (Gottlieb et al. 2012, pp. 38-50). Another important consideration for nurse to promote healing and recovery of Emma according to SBNC plan is to develop a therapeutic and caring relationship with the patient. This is importance to promote inclusiveness in nursing practice and make patient accept and trust the treatment provided to them (Tobiano et al. 2015, pp. 1107-1120 . The narration by Emma after gaining consciousness mainly revealed she felt poked and prodded and no care being taken while shifting her from one bed to another during any medical activities. Hence, this means in the usual care provided to Emma, no communication or feedback was taken from Emma to understand her concern. This issue will be addressed by engaging in therapeutic communication with Emma and always interacting with her at all point of care to take feedback for any care implemented or find out any issue faced by Emma while going forward with any treatment. This will facilitate collaborative nursing practice and nurse can develop the resili ence skill of Emma to cope with any difficulties at any point of care. Offering assistance to Emma during her stages of anxiety and clarifying the importance of certain treatment for her recovery may also address feelings of disgust experience by Emma (Feo et al. 2017, pp.54-63). This will ensure that effective and caring nurse patient relationship is developed with Emma. Strength based nursing care for one critical transition point in Emmas journey Goal of SBNC care plan for Emma after regain consciousness- To provide SBN approach to support her in activities of daily living such washing, dressing and feeding. To involve Emmas mother in basic activities like dressing and feeding to develop resilient and spiritual well-being in patient. To be vigilant to respect patients dignity and respect while implementing care To take regular feedback from Emma to understand what will work best for her and reduce her sufferings during the treatment. SBNC plan for support in activities of daily living: Collect subjective data (S)- The first plan is to collect subjective data of level of difficulty in activities of daily living after coma. Emma was having trouble in speaking and communication with others due to dysphagia. Although she tried to say things, but no could understand her. She also lost the ability to normal movement and could not even wriggle her toes after regaining consciousness after coma. Other issues that severely affected her activities of daily living included double vision, inability to swallow foods due to dysphasia (nurse asked her to open her while feeding a fluid, but Emmas brain could not support her to complete the action), inability to use the communication board, comb her hair and dress herself. She was also found to experience great psychological stress and trauma during the process due to the absence of therapeutic communication and presence of family members in care (Gee 2016). Collect objective data (O)- The level of deficits in the area of mobility, speech and gait will be measured by use of appropriate tools. This would help to understand the level of support or assistive device Emma might require during ADLs. Assessment (A)- Bases on the collective and objective data obtained, the nurse can assess the difficulties faced by Emma in nursing care and support for ADLs. Treatment plan (P)- SBNC for ADLs will be provided by being respectful towards Emma and preserving her dignity during feeding, dressing and washing activities. As she faced difficulty in speaking, it will be necessary to communicate with Emma to understand whether she can express her thoughts and feeling through non-verbal signs. Teaching her non-verbal communication skill is also likely to address her struggle during speaking with others (Lutz and Green 2016, pp.e263-e265). As Emmas family remained with her for a very short time in the usual care provided, it is planned to at least allow her mother, Lyn to meet and support Emma at least during feeding so that she gains some warmth and familiarity in the hospital environment. This would also address her feelings of social isolation and lack of support from family members during difficult times (Address psychological stress and anxiety in patient) (Carman et al. 2013, pp.223-231). Reflection on Emmas experience in actual health care received and SBNC The usual care provided to Emma after gaining consciousness mainly revealed that there was a focus on just completing specific medical task assigned for patient, however no care was taken to preserve the dignity of patient. Therapeutic means of communication was always missing as hospital staffs talked among themselves and paid no attention to the issues that Emma faced while speaking or feeding or shifting her to another room. Use of such approach to care de-motivate patients and diminish their will power and hope for recovery. Patients also distrust such system and develop feelings of aggression and psychological stress in the procedure. On the other hand, the SBNC plan is mainly focused on effective communication with patient throughout the stage of treatment. This ensures that patients preference and issues can be identified and the most optimal environment is provided to patient to enhance their resilience skills and feelings towards healings (Spence Laschinger et al. 2010, pp.4 -13). By the use of SBNC, it is expected that Emma may develop a sense of familiarity and inclusiveness in care and respond well to the treatment provided. The inclusion of her family member is also likely to reduce her psychological distress. Conclusion on role of SBN for patient and family empowerment The main conclusion from developing the SBNC care plan for Emma is that SBN is a unique approach to care and must be actively implemented in nursing practice to promote patient/family empowerment and engagement in decision making. The SBN approach of focusing on patient and family strength creates an environment for their empowerment and developing positive attitude towards the care process. Use of such approach is likely to reduce the burden of nurses in their practice as it reduces conflicts, errors and any dissatisfaction with the care provided and accelerates recovery and healing of patient. References Carman, K.L., Dardess, P., Maurer, M., Sofaer, S., Adams, K., Bechtel, C. and Sweeney, J., 2013. Patient and family engagement: a framework for understanding the elements and developing interventions and policies.Health Affairs,32(2), pp.223-231. Elwyn, G., Dehlendorf, C., Epstein, R.M., Marrin, K., White, J. and Frosch, D.L., 2014, Shared decision making and motivational interviewing: achieving patient-centered care across the spectrum of health care problems, The Annals of Family Medicine,12(3), pp.270-275. Feo, R., Rasmussen, P., Wiechula, R., Conroy, T. and Kitson, A., 2017, Developing effective and caring nurse-patient relationships Nursing Standard,31(28), pp.54-63. Gee, E. 2016, Reinventing Emma, Retrieved 23 October 2017, from https://file:///C:/Users/User00/Downloads/1801246_440436544_emma%20(1).pdf Gottlieb, L. N., Gottlieb, B., and Shamian, J. 2012, Principles of strengths-based nursing leadership for strengths-based nursing care: A new paradigm for nursing and healthcare for the 21st century, Nursing Leadership,25(2), 38-50. Gottlieb, L.N., 2014, CE: Strengths-Based Nursing, AJN The American Journal of Nursing,114(8), pp.24-32. Lutz, B.J. and Green, T., 2016, Nursings role in addressing palliative care needs of stroke patients,Stroke,47(12), pp.e263-e265. Smith, J., Swallow, V. and Coyne, I., 2015, Involving parents in managing their child's long-term conditiona concept synthesis of family-centered care and partnership-in-care, Journal of pediatric nursing,30(1), pp.143-159. Smith, LMand Ford, K. 2013, Family strengths and the Australian Family Strengths Nursing Assessment Guide.In: Child, Youth and Family Health: Strengthening Communities, Elsevier, Australia, pp. 98-105. ISBN 9780729541558 Spence Laschinger, H.K., Gilbert, S., Smith, L.M. and Leslie, K., 2010, Towards a comprehensive theory of nurse/patient empowerment: applying Kanters empowerment theory to patient care Journal of Nursing Management,18(1), pp.4-13. Svavarsdottir, E.K., Sigurdardottir, A.O. and Tryggvadottir, G.B., 2014, Strengths-oriented therapeutic conversations for families of children with chronic illnesses: Findings from the Landspitali University Hospital Family Nursing Implementation Project, Journal of family nursing,20(1), pp.13-50. Tobiano, G., Marshall, A., Bucknall, T. and Chaboyer, W., 2015, Patient participation in nursing care on medical wards: an integrative review,International journal of nursing studies,52(6), pp.1107-1120.

Friday, April 3, 2020

Keyur P. Biology...Science Rasmussens Encephalitis The Human Immune Sy

Keyur P. Biology...Science Rasmussen's Encephalitis The human immune system is an amazing system that is constantly on the alert protecting us from sicknesses. Thousands of white blood cells travel in our circulatory system destroying all foreign substances that could cause harm to our body or to any of the millions of processes going on inside. Now imagine a condition where this awesome system turns against the most complex organ in the human body, the brain. Deadly as it is, this condition is known as Rasmussen's encephalitis. The meaningful research on Rasmussen's encephalitis was begun (unintentionally) by Scott Rogers and Lorise Gahring, two neurologists, who were at the time measuring the distribution of glutamate receptors in the brain. Later on when more provocative information was found they enlisted the help of James McNamara and Ian Andrews, epilepsy experts at Duke University Medical Center. The details on Rasmussen's encephalitis were very bleak at the time when the men began their research. All that was known is that Rasmussen's encephalitis was a degenerative disease of the brain that caused seizures, hemiparesis, and dementia normally in the first ten years of life. The seizures that were caused by Rasmussen's encephalitis were unstoppable by normal anti-seizure drugs used conventionally. What the worst part of the disease was that the pathogenesis for it were not known and even worse was how it developed. The first clue was delivered when Rogers and Gahring were trying to register the distribution of the glutamate receptors using antibodies, that tag on to the receptor itself. The proteins that make up the glutamate receptors(GluR) are only found inside the blood brain barrier(BBB). Glutamate and a few related amino acids are the dominant form of excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system of mammals. If one of these GluRs happens to wander into the actual bloodstream, that is outside the BBB, it would be considered an outsider and destroyed immediately. So if these GluRs were put into the normal blood stream then the immune system would produce antibodies which could then be used in the searching for the glutamate receptors. In order to test this theory the researchers injected the GluRs into the blood stream of a normal healthy rabbit hoping to produce good results. At this point the experiment took a dramatic turn, after receiving a few doses of the protein two of the three rabbits began to twitch, as though they were suffering the pain of an epileptic seizure. Now the help of McNamara and Andrews was enlisted. When McNamara and Andrews examined the brain tissue of the rabbits, they saw what seemed to be a familiar inflammatory pattern, clumps of immune cells all around blood vessels. This description exactly matched the description of persons suffering from Rasmussen's encephalitis, moreover something as this would never be found in a healthy brain. A healthy br ain has its blood capillaries enclosed in the BBB membrane, so such a case as the one mentioned above would not be possible. As protective as the BBB is, it can be breached by something like a head injury. What was happening was that the antibodies which were out to get the GluR proteins were somehow finding a way into the brain and directing an attack towards all GluR receptor proteins in the brain itself. After some more examinations Rogers and McNamara decided that these attacks were the cause of the seizures that are often experienced by sufferers of Ramussen's encephalitis. Then if the case is of antibodies in the bloodstream, than sufferers of Ramussen's encephalitis should have them in their bloodstream and healthy normal peoples shouldn't. When this was actually tested the results were positive that Rasmussen sufferers did have these antibodies in their bloodstreams and healthy people did not. These were not only the right kind of antibodies but, the very antibodies that caused the seizures in people and rabbits. Thus when these antibodies were removed by plasma exchange(PEX) it caused a temporary relief from the seizures but soon the body starts making more antibodies of the type and the seizures start once again. After all the examinations two questions remained, why does the body mount an immune response against one of its own brain proteins,

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Why A High Read Ratio On Your Medium Blog Matters

Why A High Read Ratio On Your Medium Blog Matters Medium is a place where, according to their manifesto, you can write collaboratively and alongside many other quality writers. It  works simply, has a wonderful interface, is simple to use, looks pretty, and, despite all of that, I wrote a post a while back on why you should not blog at Medium. I have only  written 20 blog posts  on my Medium blog, neither a heavy user nor convinced that I should become one. But Medium grows in popularity, and one of the features that people tout is its unique approach to analytics.  Theyre much like the writing interface in that they are clear, understandable, and deceptively simple. They dont exactly track the stats youre used to seeing in a blog analytics package. What Does Your Medium Blog Measure? At the top of your dashboard in Medium, in 30-day segments, you can track three basic stats for all of your posts: views, reads, and recommendations. A chart gives you an overall view of how your content is performing. All of your stories are listed below this chart. Clicking on the post changes the bar graph to show that storys stats.  You can also see those same three stats, plus an extra one (read ratio), for each story that you write. Each story you write on medium has four stats for just that story. Sometimes the most viewed are the least read, which is more common than we realize on our own blogs. Views: This is the classic stat, and answers how many sets of eyeballs saw your story. It is, pure and simple, a measurement of who came in to take a peek. Reads: This stat is a bit different. In some ways, its similar to the idea of a bounce, but not exactly. A bounce is when someone visits your site, and then leaves without doing anything beyond that initial page that brought them in. Your bounce rate analytics dont really tell you if anyone read what you had on the page. It simply says they left after this one page. Medium measures whether or not someone actually read your article. So, your views and your reads will not always be the same number. Read Ratio: Medium uses an algorithm that calculates how many people actually read your post out of those that view it. Though it isnt clear on how this is measured, Medium has indicated that they want to use this in determining which posts get recommended or more visibility on their site. According to Ev Williams, founder at Medium, read ratio has an effect on how your post is ranked and found (emphasis added by me): It’s not a direct popularity ranking. It takes in a variety of factors, including whether or not a post seems to actually have been read (not just clicked on) and whether people click the â€Å"Recommend† button at the bottom of posts. The ratio of people who view it who read it and who read it and recommend it are important factors, not just the number. (This is an attempt to level of the playing field for those who don’t already have large followings and/or a penchant for writing click-bait headlines.) In other words, they want to promote posts that get read, and not just clicked on. A sexy headline might grab, but the content better hold em. Its an attempt to put an end to viral content that doesnt actually get read, and maybe an attempt to stop people from gaming the system. Sharing and recommendations are done at the bottom of a story in Medium. Recommendations: This stat shows how many people recommended (kind of like a share) the post on Medium. The number of people who recommend your post also plays into how it is ranked in Mediums system. The button to recommend a post is found at the bottom of the post (as are the social share buttons), where youd naturally click it if you had theoretically read the post.  This is in contrast to the popular idea that social sharing buttons should be at the top of your blog post or page. Again, Medium seems to be going against the current and wanting their system to be built on promoting the reading of posts, not mindless sharing. Why Does Reader Behavior Matter? Out of the four stats that Medium offers, the two that stand out as something different from traditional analytics is reads and read ratio. These two stats are putting a number on something that was previously difficult to measure: is anyone reading what Im writing? Proof That Your Content Is Valuable In some situations, the case can be made for not really worrying whether anyone is reading or not. There are times Im blogging more for myself and to achieve clarity of thought on particular ideas rather than whether or not someone is reading. Plus, as a writer, sometimes you need to be careful to not get too caught up in whether or not you are being 100% read.  These sentiments are fine for a personal or hobby blog. But what if you are a business investing time and money into content creation with a specific desired return?  It matters if anyone is reading. You need to know the investment isnt being wasted.  Your job might even require that you offer some proof that people are reading the content youre being paid to write. Clicks and shares are fine, but to be able to say that your content is read 90% of the time is quite a different matter. On @Medium, it matters if people actually read what you write. How about on your own blog?Leads To Better Writing The idea of measuring how much of your content is read should lead to better writing (if you care about people reading).  It used to be enough to measure clicks, hits, and shares (often based on click-bait headlines), but Medium has introduced an interesting new dynamic: it matters if people actually read what you are writing. When you have a number to work with, you have something you can measure and improve.  Typical blog stats dont exactly measure whether people read your posts or not, so that wasnt important for you. Instead, you likely focused on methods, such as headlines or social sharing, to get them to click and get hits because that was what you were able to measure. Medium has attempted to change this. The very nature of putting a number on readability makes it unsurprising that people are already asking about  how to get their read ratio up.  What gets your read ratio up? You cant control how much time people have to devote to reading, but you can control whether or not youre writing something worthwhile. On Medium, especially, shocking headlines and regurgitated content that others are writing wont fly. You might get the view, but you wont get the reads. What can you do to get people to read more of your story? Shocking headlines dont always work. Better Understanding Of Engagement How many times do you get comments to your blog post and you  know  the reader didnt fully read (if at all) the post? I know more than once Ive found myself absolutely confused by the comments people have left, and I wonder did they even read this post? Mediums measurement of reads, combined with a comment system that happens not at the bottom but as the post is read, helps you better understand the engagement you receive and perhaps weeds out the wacky comments of someone who has not read your post at all. Test Long And Short Content This is not exactly a stat associated directly with read ratio, but it is another aspect of how Medium is trying to tap into the actual reading behavior of people. In the story itself, Medium shows readers an estimate of how long a post will take to read. Medium shows you how long it will take to read a post. Blogger Matt Swanson talks about the benefits he gets as a reader in knowing how much time he will commit to what he is about to read, and what effects that information has on whether he even starts to read or not. Medium is, after all, catering to the readers experience and letting them know how much time they will have to invest to get the whole story is part of that. Lets use another example. On, Im told during the commercial break whether the commercial is 1 of 2, or maybe 1 of 4. What do I do when I see that? If its a set of four commercials, I have time to go to the kitchen and get something to drink, but if its only one or two commercials, I just stick around. While I have the option at any time to pause the show, you cant skip through commercials on Hulu and its easier to just let them play and skip them while leaving if I know theres enough time. All of that to say: I make decisions on what I will do with the content based on how much time it will take me to commit to it. So, when a reader sees that your post is only going to take about two minutes to read, or that it will take eight minutes to read, it will have some effect on the decisions readers make about your post. The effect will vary based on your readers, how you write, and if you are established as a thought leader.  Some of the very long articles written by established journalists or content sources get read despite estimated read times of more than 10 minutes. That might not work for you. Readers make decisions on what to do with content based on time they must commit to it.How this estimated read time impacts your views and read ratio would be a fascinating A/B test for each writer. Similar topics and titles, but as a longer version and shorter version. Look at your content in general and see if you find a correlation between read time and view/read ratio. There has been quite a bit of discussion lately about how Google search likes longer content, but with Medium–a site very much about the reader and promotion based on what is worth reading–high quality short content might be just as viable. Medium Wants Your Stories, Not Your Articles What does all of this talk about Medium have to do with you, a WordPress blogger using ? Its because these Medium stats indicate a possible trend on where content is going, and in some ways, its quite different from what youve been hearing you ought to do elsewhere. Traditionally, getting more readers is less popular than the idea of getting more traffic. Mediums approach flies in the face of that. Instead of a focus on traffic, Medium is focusing on readers. 1. Medium is basing discovery of your content on whether or not people have read it. Not hits, not sexy headlines.  Readability, not gimmicks or tricks, wins. 2. Do you notice how Medium, on its dashboard and elsewhere, does not refer to what you write as blog posts, or content? It calls them stories, and thats the key here. Medium wants your stories. Medium has visually stripped away anything that might get in the way of the story–no ads, and it uses a clear and simplified design.  Medium caters to readers, and readers like stories. Even readers who say I dont like fiction and stories actually want stories. Stories get read, and Medium is trying to find a way for you to track what gets read and reward that. All of the 25 Ways To Do This blog posts in the world cant hold a candle to the power of something told as a story. A great writer can turn nearly any piece of content into a story. In some ways, its an attempt to level the playing field and say that if you can tell a good story, if you can write well, youll be rewarded.  No tricks or gimmicks will get people to read to the end other than good writing. While your WordPress blog isnt in the walled garden of Medium, and you still have to use the old methods to get found by readers and search engines, it doesnt hurt to consider what Medium is trying to do and see if you cant incorporate a new goal in your writing: Write for readers. Getting read matters. Tell stories.

Friday, February 21, 2020

Film Kal Penn Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Film Kal Penn - Research Paper Example Kal Penn, born in New Jersey in the year 1977, grew up in traditional Indian family. Both of his parents were gujarattti immigrants from India. Most of his roles in his films seem to address racial discrimination. Since his parents were immigrants, he faced racial discrimination from the people in his surroundings. His passion was acting since his childhood. Playing this role in his films may help curb the problem of racial discrimination in America. Films are a form of communication where the information reaches the audience when watching. Kal Penn later involved himself in acting both in school and after school. After landing in television shows like Buffy the vampire slayer, spin the city, and Sabrina the teenage witch, his biography shows us that the work was challenging. His work was sporadic and limited to ethnic roles. At first, he was reluctant at his work to a point where his friends advised him. From this point, he proceeded to change his name (Holder2005 85). This implies the resistance Kal Penn was getting from the audience. Changing his name made his job offers increase by 50%. This implied that Kal Penn could not get job offers because his name was for an Indian. Additionally, the film industry and the media seem to be highly practicing racial profiling. They most likely offered job opportunities to the American dwellers. Again, in his romantic film; American Desi, which explored race and identity of young ethnic group, shows his efforts to explore in the field of racial profiling. Most people face discrimination in love because of their skin color, ethnic group, or religion. The fact that Penny is an Indian actor can make him face discrimination from the Americans. This film illustrates racism practices by the young people. Arguably, Kal Penn seems to fight racial profiling because he turns down his role as a teenage terrorist cast as Ahmed Amar, which he